23% of Mexico City’s population drives a car. It is considered as a scattered metropolis, haphazardly growing.
Regarding mobility, it is a disjointed city, for example, 80% of all trips are made on private vehicles, only 15% uses public transportation, by either subway, metro bus, trolley bus, or buses, 3% rides bicycles and 2% move on foot.
SEDUVI is betting on a more compact city with mixed usage and greater verticality and, certainly, urban recycling. On this matter the challenge is to have only 10% of all users driving their own cars, increase the use of public transportation to 40% and bicycles to 20%, and to turn Mexico City into a pedestrians city that would allow 30% of the journeys on foot.
The challenge includes millions
In order to understand the extent of the challenge we only need to go over the amount of inhabitants who live in Estado de Mexico.
There are 10.1 people living in Mexico City’s Metropolitan area, 9 million in the city, and 4.5 million travels from Estado de Mexico to the city. Therefore, the number of people who concur in the city nearly amounts to 13 million 500 thousand persons. Facing this situation SEDUVI created a new Law on Development to mark the areas with recycling potential, and thus, these areas were located in the following districts: Tlalpan, Gustavo A. Madero, Coyoacán, and Centro Histórico. Some other places were identified in Alvaro Obregón and Milpa Alta, although they are under study at the Assembly.
According to the ranking issued by the United Nations UN, Mexico City and its metropolitan area is among one of the ten most populated urban concentrations, specifically in the third place, preceded by Tokyo and Seoul. By the year 2050, 75% of the world’s population will live in cities. Therefore, it has been predicted that poverty conditions will increase and the environment will be deteriorated. Thus, it is a major chal- lenge and the Secretaría de Desarrollo Urbano y Vivienda del Distrito Federal, (Mexico City Urban Development and Hous- ing Ministry) SEDUVI has begun to act.
In order to meet the challenges set by SEDUVI for making Mexico City a more compact and especially a pedestrian place, some works are being made. For example, an Urban Vanguard Brigade was integrated to allow the retrieval of 152km of sidewalks.
Meanwhile, the Centro Histórico regained Madero Street, which is only for pedestrians now, some embellishment and architectural works were done in some emblematic areas for national and international tourism, such as Garibaldi Square where the Tequila Museum was opened, and the public area in Monumento a la Revolución (Revolution Monument) was improved.
Another evident example of investment and improvement is Paseo de la Reforma that now has wider sidewalks, there is greater certainty for pedestrians, it is a better connected way regarding urban development and the area where a greater number of projects is under construction; this has been already included in INMOBILIARE MAGAZINE’S No.63 edition. These are the 17 real estate projects, 7 of which are mixed use buildings, 6 are office buildings, 2 are destined for housing, one is a hotel and another one is the Senate building. This development covers 3.4 km, that is, from the Bosque de Chapultepec to the Caballito Tower.
Surely the area that surrounds the Monumento a la Revolución is wide; therefore, there is a project for a 240 thousand sq m2 construction of spaces, 50% of which, will be destined to office buildings, 45% to housing and 15% to commerce.
Regarding the Ampliación Granada (Granada Enlargement), 18 new buildings are in prospect and in progress, 9 of which are destined for housing, 4 for mixed use, 2 office buildings and 3 for commerce with offices.
Another work that has generated great expectation is the Centro de Transferencia Modal (individual, collective and massive transportation boarding areas) (Cetram) Chapultepec, planned by the City Government with support from the private sector. The project considers a 70-story office tower, a shopping center and an underground parking lot for 2 120 vehicles.
Some works around the Basílica de Guadalupe have started in order to regain pedestrian mobility and some remodeling plans include pavement, urban fitment, public lighting, greenery, the construction of a commercial corridor and an underpass.
Lastly, the project called Viaducto Verde (Green Viaduct) represents one of the greatest environmental projects proposed by the current administration, since it includes the planting of 2 thousand palm trees, 4 thousand trees, 36 km of greenery on the 9.3 km-long central surface. This project would take advantage of rainwater collection; therefore the construction of an 18-kilometer sustainable irrigation system is planned, connected to five existing sump pumps.
On regards to energy saving, there are plans for reducing energy consumption up to a 60% through the installation of 2, 200 LED lamps that have greater luminary efficiency. Another objective is to protect pedestrians building 5 500 square meters of sidewalks, including an integral improvement of crossings.